Three Essential Financial Statements 


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Accurately tracking financial data is not only critical for running the day-to-day operations of your small business, but it is also essential when seeking funding from lenders or investors to take your business to the next level. 

In addition, keeping tabs on your finances can help ensure your products and services are priced right, identify what your margins are, determine your cash flow and make filing taxes easier.

Here are three basic financial statements that are important to your small business:

  1. Balance sheet: This statement provides an overall financial snapshot of your small business. As an equation, it looks like liabilities + owner’s equity = assets. The two sides of the equation must balance out.
  2. Profit and loss statement: A profit and loss statement - also referred to as an income statement - enables you to project sales and expenses and typically covers a period of a few months to a year.
  3. Cash flow statement: This statement highlights how much money is coming in to (cash inflows) and going out of (cash outflows) your business. Cash inflows include cash sales, accounts receivable collections, loans, and other investments. Equipment purchased, expenses paid, inventory and other payments are considered cash outflows.

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Last updated: 01/18/2018 - 2:37pm